New Life in the UK Test Chapter 3

A long and illustrious history

Take a deep breath ! After the really Easy chapters 1 and 2 , this chapter 3 is a challenge ! This is the longest chapter! So if you are not familiar with the facts then go and read the Chapter 3 summary first, at http://lifeuk.info/new-life-in-the-uk-test-chapter-summaries-life-in-the-united-kingdom-a-guide-for-new-residents-3rd-edition-2013/ Take good note of the people and the historical events that has made the UK what it is today. Take good note of the history of the Early Britain, The Middle Ages, and The Tudors and the Stuarts. Make good note on UK as a global power, the 20th Century UK and the history of Britain since 1945.

Critical things to understand

  • The history of the UK before the Romans
  • The impact of the Romans on British society

  • The different groups that invaded after the Romans

  • The importance of the Norman invasion in 1066
  • The wars that took place in the Middle Ages
  • How Parliament began to develop

  • The way that land ownership worked

  • The effects of the Black Death

  • The development of English language and culture

  • The Wars of the Roses and the founding of the House of Tudor

  • The Tudors and the Stuarts
  • How and why religion changed during this period
  • The importance of poetry and drama in the Elizabethan period

  • About the involvement of Britain in Ireland

  • The development of Parliament and the only period in history when England was a republic

  • Why there was a restoration of the monarchy

  • How the Glorious Revolution happened

Life in the UK Test Chapter 3

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Question 1
Who inhabited Britain during the Stone Age?
A
The Brits
B
The Anglo-Saxons
C
hunter-gatherers
D
the Vikings
Question 1 Explanation: 
Hunter-gathers lived in Britain during the Stone Age. The Anglo-Saxons lived there during 600 AD and the Vikings lived there starting in 789 AD.
Question 2
TRUE OR FALSE: During the Stone Age, Britain was connected to the main continent by a land bridge
A
True
B
False
Question 2 Explanation: 
True: It wasn't until 10,000 years after the Stone Age that Britain was permanently separated from the main continent.
Question 3
When did the first farmers arrive in Britain and what did they build?
A
1,000 years ago. They built houses, tombs, and monuments.
B
6,000 years ago. They built houses, tombs and monuments.
C
4,000 years ago. They build houses and tombs.
D
3,000 years ago. They built houses and tombs.
Question 3 Explanation: 
Farmers came from Southeastern Europe, 6,000 years ago. They build houses, tombs and monuments, some of which are still seen today.
Question 4
What two Stone Age sites are still surviving to this day?
A
Stonehenge
B
Skara Brae
C
Maiden Castle
D
Buckingham Place
Question 4 Explanation: 
The Maiden Castle was built during the Iron Age. Stonehenge was used for seasonal ceremonies while Skara Brae is one of the best preserved prehistoric sites in northern Europe.
Question 5
What signified the end of the Stone Age?
A
Farmers arriving in Britain
B
People learning to work with bronze
C
People learning to work with iron
D
None of the above
Question 5 Explanation: 
The end of the Stone Age came about when people learned to work with bronze material. Thus started the Bronze Age when items were made out of bronze and gold.
Question 6
What things were made out of bronze that improved the life of the people?
A
Tools
B
Weapons
C
Ornaments
D
All of the above
Question 6 Explanation: 
Bronze and gold were more durable and usable than stone which meant that the tools, ornaments, and weapons that were made from those materials made life easier for the people.
Question 7
What did people start doing during the Iron Age?
A
Forming communities
B
Making items out of iron
C
Defending their territories through hill forts
D
All of the above
Question 7 Explanation: 
People in the Iron Age learned how to do all three things.
Question 8
What hill fort has still survived to this day?
A
Maiden Castle in Dorset
B
Skara Brae
C
Hadrian's Wall
D
None of the above
Question 8 Explanation: 
Skara Brae was a prehistoric site built during the Stone Age. Hadrian's Wall was built during the period of the Roman conquest.
Question 9
What language did people speak during the Stone and Iron Age?
A
The Celtic language
B
Old English
C
Norman French
D
Gaelic
Question 9 Explanation: 
The Celtic language was spoken. It is still used by some people in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.
Question 10
What marks the beginning of British history?
A
The start of the English language
B
The Roman invasion
C
The making of coins as currency, inscribed with the names of the Iron Age kings
D
The invasion of the Anglo-Saxons
Question 10 Explanation: 
The start of the English language, the Roman invasion, and the invasion of the Anglo-Saxons all came after the start of British history.
Question 11
TRUE OR FALSE: Julius Caesar conquered the British territories?
A
True
B
False
Question 11 Explanation: 
Julius Caesar tried but failed to conquer Britain. It was a free country for 100 years.
Question 12
Which Roman emperor was able to conquer the British territories?
A
Julius Caesar
B
Brutus
C
Claudius
D
Antony
Question 12 Explanation: 
Emperor Claudius led a Roman invasion in 43 AD. The British tribes defended their territories but were unsuccessful.
Question 13
Who is one of the most well-known adversary of the Roman Empire?
A
Cnut
B
Kenneth MacAlpin
C
Canute
D
Boudicca
Question 13 Explanation: 
Boudicca of Iceni (now Eastern England) was the most well-known adversary of the Roman Empire.
Question 14
Where is the statue of Boudicca located at?
A
At Westminster Bridge in London
B
At Trafalgar Square
C
At Westminster Abby
D
None of the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
The statue at Westminster bridge is near the Houses of Parliament.
Question 15
TRUE OR FALSE: All parts of the British territories were colonized by the Roman Empire?
A
True
B
False
Question 15 Explanation: 
Parts of the British territories, what is now Scotland, were not colonized by the Roman empire.
Question 16
Hadrian's Wall was built to keep out which group of people?
A
the Romans
B
The Vikings
C
The Anglo-Saxons
D
None of the above.
Question 16 Explanation: 
Emperor Hadrian built Hadrian's Wall was built to keep out the Picts, the ancestors of the Scottish people. It can still be seen today.
Question 17
How long did the Romans remain in Britain?
A
200 years
B
400 years
C
600 years
D
800 years
Question 17 Explanation: 
The Romans were in Britain for 400 years.
Question 18
What did the Romans introduce to Britain?
A
New tools and weapons
B
The concept of law and order
C
New plants and animals
D
Cars
Question 18 Explanation: 
Romans introduced the concepts of law and order, and new plants and animals that benefited the British people.
Question 19
TRUE OR FALSE: Life became better in Britain during the Roman rule?
A
True
B
False
Question 19 Explanation: 
True, the Romans built roads, public building, and houses that made British life easier.
Question 20
Which group occupied Britain after the Romans left in 410 AD?
A
The Jutes
B
The Angles
C
The Saxons
D
All of the above.
Question 20 Explanation: 
All three tribes were from Northern Europe and in 600 AD conquered the British tribes and formed the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the areas of today's England.
Question 21
What area was free from Anglo-Saxon rule?
A
Parts of Western Britain (current day, parts of Wales and Scotland)
B
All of Northern Britain (current day, Scotland)
C
Parts of Southern Britain (current day, Wales)
D
None of the above.
Question 21 Explanation: 
Only parts of British territories were able to escape Anglo-Saxon rule. They are now, current-day parts of Wales and Scotland.
Question 22
TRUE OR FALSE: The Anglo-Saxons were Christians?
A
True
B
False
Question 22 Explanation: 
The Anglo-Saxons were not Christians though some of them converted when missionaries started coming to Britain regularly.
Question 23
Who was a famous Christian missionary during the Anglo-Saxon rule?
A
St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland
B
St. Columba, the founder of the monastery in Iona
C
St. Augustine, the first Archbishop of Canterbury.
D
All of the above.
Question 23 Explanation: 
All three gentlemen are examples of famous missionaries. St. Augustine also spread Christianity to the South.
Question 24
What country were the Vikings from?
A
Denmark
B
Finland
C
Norway
Question 24 Explanation: 
The Vikings came from both Denmark and Norway in 789 AD.
Question 25
The Vikings came to Britain for what reason?
A
They wanted religious freedom
B
They wanted to raid the costal towns and salvage their goods
C
They wanted to expand their empire
D
All of the above
Question 25 Explanation: 
The Vikings were focused on raiding costal towns. They were not focused on expanding their territory nor were they being persecuted for their religion.
Question 26
TRUE OR FALSE: Some of the Vikings stayed in Britain and formed communities?
A
True
B
False
Question 26 Explanation: 
Some Vikings stayed and settled in various parts of England and Scotland. One of the places was Danelaw.
Question 27
Which king defeated most of the Vikings in England?
A
King Henry VII
B
King James II
C
King Alfred the Great
D
King Charles I
Question 27 Explanation: 
Kings Henry, James, and Charles I were all kings before the Vikings came to England. Even though the Vikings were defeated they still settled in various parts of England.
Question 28
TRUE OR FALSE: All of the Vikings were converted to Christianity?
A
True
B
False
Question 28 Explanation: 
Only some Vikings were converted to Christianity after they settled in Britain.
Question 29
TRUE OR FALSE: The Anglo-Saxon kings flourished until the appearance of a Danish King.
A
True
B
False
Question 29 Explanation: 
The Anglo-Saxon kings flourished until Cnut, also known as Canute, became the first Danish king to rule over England.
Question 30
Viking raids united the northern tribes under what king?
A
Cnut
B
Canute
C
Kenneth MacAlpin
D
King Harold
Question 30 Explanation: 
The northern territories, which would later be known as Scotland, united under Kenneth MacAlpin.
Question 31
What was the last successful invasion of the British territories?
A
The Norman Conquest
B
The War of the Roses
C
The Hundred Years War
D
The Battle of Hastings
Question 31 Explanation: 
The War of the Roses (1455) and The Hundred Years War (1300s-1400s) were both after the Norman Conquest. The Battle of Hastings (1066) was fought as part of the Norman Conquest.
Question 32
Which ruler defeated Harold, the Saxon King of England, at the Battle of Hastings on 1066?
A
Kenneth MacAlpin
B
Robert the Bruce
C
William, the Duke of Normandy
D
King Edward I
Question 32 Explanation: 
William, the Duke of Normandy, defeated Harold and became the new King of England.
Question 33
What was William's new title after defeating Harold?
A
William the Conqueror
B
William the Defeater
C
William the Destroyer
D
None of the Above
Question 33 Explanation: 
William became known as William the Conqueror after the battle.
Question 34
TRUE OR FALSE: The Battle of Hastings is commemorated in a embroidery which can be seen in France today?
A
True
B
False
Question 34 Explanation: 
The battle was commemorated in an embroidery known as the Bayeux Tapestry which can still be seen in France today !
Question 35
What changes did The Norman Conquest bring to Britain?
A
A change in government, social structure, and the official language
B
Nothing at all
C
The language changed to French
D
The government was now under the rule of King Harold
Question 35 Explanation: 
Britain was now under the rule of William the Conqueror (not Harold, the Saxon King of England), the language changed to Norman French, and there were changes to the government and social structure.
Question 36
What country were the Normans able to conquer?
A
Wales
B
Scotland
C
Ireland
D
None of the above
Question 36 Explanation: 
The Normans tried to conquer Wales but the Wales tribes were able to defend their territory. The Normans tried to occupy Scotland but were only able to conquer some parts of the country.
Question 37
TRUE OR FALSE: The Domesday Book was created by King William?
A
True
B
False
Question 37 Explanation: 
King William sent people to list all the towns, villages, and the people who lived in them, in addition to the animals they owned and other data.
Question 38
The period during the Norman Conquest up to 1485 was called what?
A
The Middle Ages
B
The Enlightenment
C
The Industrial Age
D
None of the Above
Question 38 Explanation: 
That period is known as the Middle Ages.
Question 39
Who did the English Kings conquer and gain territory from?
A
Wales
B
Scotland
C
Ireland
D
All of the above.
Question 39 Explanation: 
The English Kings were only able to get land from Wales.
Question 40
What was introduced into Wales after it was annex as a part of England?
A
The Statue of Rhuddlan
B
English law
C
English language
D
All of the above.
Question 40 Explanation: 
In 1284 the Status of Rhuddlan was introduced, and during the 15th century English law and language was introduced once all the Welsh rebellions were quelled.
Question 41
What are some castles that were built in Wales after they were annexed?
A
Conwy
B
Caernarvon
C
Maiden Castle
D
New Castle
Question 41 Explanation: 
Maiden Castle was built during the Iron Age.
Question 42
TRUE OR FALSE: Scotland was conquered by the British after the Battle of Bannockburn?
A
True
B
False
Question 42 Explanation: 
During the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, the English soldiers were defeated by soldiers led by Robert the Bruce.
Question 43
TRUE OR FALSE: English troops ruled an Irish area called Pale, near Dublin?
A
True
B
False
Question 43 Explanation: 
Ireland was an independent country but English troops went to help the Irish king and ended up staying. They did settle in the area called Pale, near Dublin, by 1200.
Question 44
The English took part in what war?
A
The Crusades
B
The Hundred Years War
C
All of the above.
D
None of the above.
Question 44 Explanation: 
The Crusades were fought by the British (and other European Christians) to get control of the Holy Land. They also fought in the Hundred Years War (which lasted 116 years) against the French.
Question 45
How many years did the Hundred Years War last?
A
100 years
B
96 years
C
110 years
D
None of the above
Question 45 Explanation: 
The Hundred Years War actually lasted 116 years.
Question 46
What is important about the Battle of Agincourt?
A
The French won
B
King Henry V's army outnumbered the French
C
It was the end of the Hundred Years War
D
All of the above.
Question 46 Explanation: 
The Hundred Years War did not end until 1450, and the English left France that same year. In addition, the French did not win that battle.
Question 47
What was the system of land ownership that the Normans used?
A
Serfdom
B
Feudalism
C
There was none. The king owned everything.
D
None of the above.
Question 47 Explanation: 
The king used feudalism which means that he gave land to his lords in exchange for their help in war. The lords had to send men to serve in the army. The peasants (also called serfs) generally tended and farmed food for the lords.
Question 48
TRUE OR FALSE: The same system of feudalism was seen in Scotland and Ireland?
A
True
B
False
Question 48 Explanation: 
Only southern Scotland had the same exact system as England. In the northern sections of Scotland and Ireland the land was owned by "clans" or prominent
Question 49
When the "Black Death" came to Britain in 1348, how many people were killed in England, Scotland, and Wales?
A
One half (1/2) of the entire population in England, Scotland, and Wales
B
One third (1/3) of the entire population in England, Scotland, and Wales
C
One quarter (1/4) of the entire population in England, Scotland, and Wales
D
None of the above.
Question 49 Explanation: 
One third of the population in England, Scotland, and Wales died from the Black Death. It was considered to be the worst disaster that every happened to Britain.
Question 50
TRUE OR FALSE: The Black Death had no effect on the system?
A
True
B
False
Question 50 Explanation: 
With less people alive, the remaining population began to demand higher wages. New social classes appeared (i.e. gentry) that owned a few lands, people started moving into towns. The growing wealth that certain people had was the advent of the middle class.
Question 51
TRUE OR FALSE: Ireland was not affected by the Black Death?
A
True
B
False
Question 51 Explanation: 
While they did not loose as much of their population as the other three countries, there were a lot of casualties, especially around Pale.
Question 52
What can the origins of the Parliamentary system be traced to?
A
The King's council of advisers
B
The Magna Carta being signed
C
The annexation of Wales and Scotland
D
All of the above
Question 52 Explanation: 
Parliament is based off the king's council of advisers. The Council included important noblemen and leaders of the Church.
Question 53
What document limited the power of the King?
A
The Domesday Book
B
The Magna Carta
C
The Statue of Rhuddlan
D
All of the above.
Question 53 Explanation: 
In 1215 the nobility forced King John to sign the Magna Carta (Great Charter). It established that the king was not above the law, it restricted their power, required future kings to involve his noblemen on decisions, and it protected the rights of the noblemen.
Question 54
TRUE OR FALSE: The English Parliament is comprised of two houses?
A
True
B
False
Question 54 Explanation: 
The English Parliament is comprised of the House of Lords (nobility, great landowners, and bishops) and the House of Commons (knights, other landowners, and wealthy people).
Question 55
TRUE OR FALSE: Scotland's Parliament is comprised of two houses?
A
True
B
False
Question 55 Explanation: 
Scotland's Parliament is comprised of three Houses, also called Estates: the lords, the commons, and the clergy.
Question 56
TRUE OR FALSE: The legal system was developed during this time
A
True
B
False
Question 56 Explanation: 
Different aspects of the legal system were developed, for example, judges were made independent of the government.
Question 57
The English language was a combination of what two languages?
A
Norman French and Anglo-Saxon
B
Norman French and Gaelic
C
Anglo-Saxon and French
D
Anglo-Saxon and Gaelic
Question 57 Explanation: 
The English language was created by 1400 and was a combination of Norman French (which the king and noblemen spoke) and Anglo-Saxon (which the peasants spoke).
Question 58
What was one of the fist books printed in England?
A
The Bruce
B
The Canterbury Tales
C
The Domesday Book
Question 58 Explanation: 
The Bruce was written in the Scots language, in Scotland, by John Barbour. The Domesday Book was created before the Middle Ages. The Canterbury Tales were a collection of poems by Geoffrey Chaucer and was printed by William Caxton, the first person to use the printing press in England.
Question 59
What is a great cathedral that was built during the Middle Ages?
A
Windsor Cathedral
B
Edinburgh Cathedral
C
Lincoln Cathedral
D
None of the above
Question 59 Explanation: 
Windsor and Edinburgh aren't cathedrals, they are castles that were build during the Middle Ages.
Question 60
TRUE OR FALSE: People with special skills came to England during this period because it was an important trading nation?
A
True
B
False
Question 60 Explanation: 
Weavers from France, engineers from Germany, glass manufacturers from Italy, and canal builders from Holland all came to England during this period.
Question 61
TRUE OR FALSE: The War of the Roses was between the Hose of York and the House of Windsor?
A
True
B
False
Question 61 Explanation: 
The War of Roses was between the House of York and the House of Lancaster. They were fighting to decide who would be the King of England.
Question 62
How did King Henry VII unite the two families?
A
He defeated King Richard III
B
He married King Richard III's niece, Elizabeth of York
C
He didn't want to unite the two families.
D
King Richard III united the two families, not King Henry VII
Question 62 Explanation: 
After Henry Tudor defeated King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 (and became King Henry VII) he married Elizabeth of York.
Question 63
TRUE OR FALSE: The name of the war was the War of the Roses because of the symbols of the House of Lancaster and York.
A
True
B
False
Question 63 Explanation: 
The War of Roses gets its name because the symbol for the House of Lancaster was a red rose while the symbol for the House of York was a white rose.
Question 64
TRUE OR FALSE: The House of Lancaster's symbol is a red rose with a white one inside it?
A
True
B
False
Question 64 Explanation: 
The House of Tudor's symbol is a red rose with a white rose inside it to signify the unity between the Houses of York and Lancaster.
Question 65
Which British king is known for having six wives?
A
Henry VII
B
Henry VIII
C
James I
D
Charles V
Question 65 Explanation: 
Henry VIII's six wives were Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr
Question 66
What did King Henry VII do after he won the War of the Roses?
A
Strengthen the central government
B
Reduced the power of the nobles
C
Saved money and built up the monarchy's financial reserves
D
All of the above
Question 66 Explanation: 
King Henry VII wanted to make sure that his rule was not contested so he reduced the power of the nobles and strengthen the government around him.
Question 67
Which of Henry VIII's wives did he behead?
A
Catherine Howard and Anne Boleyn
B
Catherine Parr and Jane Seymour
C
Catherine of Aragon and Anne of Cleves
D
Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr
Question 67 Explanation: 
Only Catherine Howard and Anne Boleyn were beheaded. Catherine Parr survived Henry, Jane Seymour died, and Anne of Cleves and Catherine of Aragon were divorced.
Question 68
Why did Henry VIII establish the Church of England?
A
Because he wanted power
B
To get a divorce since the Pope of Rome denied his request
C
Because he was Protestant
D
None of the above
Question 68 Explanation: 
When Catherine of Aragon could not give him a male heir he wanted to divorce her. Only the Pope of Rome could agree to his request, so when the Pope denied him, Henry VIII created his own church.
Question 69
TRUE OR FALSE: The Reformation was a movement of Protestants against the Pope?
A
True
B
False
Question 69 Explanation: 
The Protestants wanted to form their own churches, read the Bible in their own language, and did not want to pray to saints or shrines.
Question 70
Protestant ideas gained strength in what countries in the 16th century?
A
England and Ireland
B
England and Scotland
C
England, Scotland, and Wales
D
England, Ireland, and Wales
Question 70 Explanation: 
Ireland did not like the new English religion. The Irish Chieftains rebelled.
Question 71
Wales became formally apart of England during which monarch's rule?
A
Henry VII
B
Henry VIII
C
Edward VI
D
Queen Mary
Question 71 Explanation: 
Wales became apart of England by the Act of the Government of Wales.
Question 72
Queen Mary is remembered for what in history?
A
Being the first female monarch
B
Combining Scotland and England under one rule
C
Establishing the Book of Common Prayer throughout the Church of England
D
None of the above.
Question 72 Explanation: 
Mary is best remembered for being a devout Catholic and persecuting Protestants. She became known as 'Bloody Mary'
Question 73
TRUE OR FALSE: Queen Elizabeth I was Catholic?
A
True
B
False
Question 73 Explanation: 
Queen Elizabeth I was Protestant and established the Church of England. She required that everyone attend their local churches, she created a balance between Catholics and Protestants, and passed laws that dictated what prayers were said during services
Question 74
TRUE OR FALSE: Scotland established a state church during the 16th century?
A
True
B
False
Question 74 Explanation: 
Scotland did establish a church (a Protestant Church of Scotland) but it was not a state Church.
Question 75
Mary, Queen of Scots gave her throne to which monarch?
A
Elizabeth I
B
James I
C
James VI
D
Edward VI
Question 75 Explanation: 
Mary, Queen of Scots was Catholic while Scotland was Protestant. She gave her throne to her Protestant son, James VI and went to England.
Question 76
Mary, Queen of Scots was executed by which monarch?
A
Bloody Mary
B
Elizabeth I
C
James VI
D
None of the above
Question 76 Explanation: 
Even though Mary, Queen of Scots was Elizabeth I's 1st cousin, Elizabeth feared that she would take over her throne. Elizabeth held her prisoner for 20 years before executing her.
Question 77
TRUE OR FALSE: Sir Francis Drake was a commander in the navy and circumnavigated the world?
A
True
B
False
Question 77 Explanation: 
Sir Francis Drake sailed around the world in his ship the Golden Hind. He was the founder of England's new naval tradition and was known for the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
Question 78
Shakespeare was born in what city?
A
Wiltshire
B
London
C
Stratford-upon-Avon
D
Canterbury
Question 78 Explanation: 
Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon.
Question 79
TRUE OR FALSE: Shakespeare's works always focused on the nobility?
A
True
B
False
Question 79 Explanation: 
Shakespeare was one of the first to portray everyday Englishmen and women in his work.
Question 80
TRUE OR FALSE: When James VI took the throne in England, England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland were all considered a part of one country?
A
True
B
False
Question 80 Explanation: 
James I was king of England, Wales and Ireland but Scotland was a separate country.
Question 81
Which king established English authority over Ireland?
A
Henry VII
B
James I
C
Henry VIII
Question 81 Explanation: 
Henry VII and his son, Henry VIII, were the kings who established rule over Ireland. James I was already king of Ireland when he also became king of Great Britain.
Question 82
What was introduced when England took control over Ireland?
A
Patron saints
B
The Church of England
C
English laws
D
None of the above.
Question 82 Explanation: 
While the Protestant religion was introduced in Ireland, it wasn't specifically the Church of England. Also, England did not introduce patron saints to Ireland.
Question 83
Local Irish leaders were expected to follow instructions from whom?
A
The English lords
B
The English knights
C
The Lord Lieutenants
D
The Lord's Knights
Question 83 Explanation: 
Lord Lieutenants in Dublin instructed the local Irish leaders.
Question 84
What religious group did the English government encourage to settle in Ulster?
A
Catholics
B
Protestants
C
All of the above
D
None of the above.
Question 84 Explanation: 
Ireland was almost completely Catholic so England promoted Ulster as a place for Protestants to live freely. That action had long term consequences in the history of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Question 85
TRUE OR FALSE: Ireland was opposed to a Protestant government during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I?
A
True
B
False
Question 85 Explanation: 
Ireland was an almost Catholic country and deeply opposed a Protestant government.
Question 86
Which monarch was politically savvy and could manage Parliament?
A
Elizabeth I
B
James I
C
Charles I
D
All of the above.
Question 86 Explanation: 
James I and Charles I were not good at managing Parliament. They thought the king should be able to act without the approval of parliament.
Question 87
Charles I ruled without parliament for how many years?
A
5 years
B
11 years
C
16 years
D
21 years
Question 87 Explanation: 
Charles I was able to rule for 11 years without Parliament but eventually needed their help.
Question 88
TRUE OR FALSE: Elizabeth I believed in the Divine Right of Kings?
A
True
B
False
Question 88 Explanation: 
James I and Charles I believed in the Divine Right of Kings. It was part of the reason why they didn't think they need to work with Parliament.
Question 89
In which country did Charles I have his trial run of the new worship for the Church of England?
A
England
B
Scotland
C
Wales
D
Ireland
Question 89 Explanation: 
Charles I did his trial run in Scotland even though the Scots did not like that.
Question 90
What caused Charles I to get help from Parliament?
A
There were rebellions in the Protestant portion of Ireland
B
Wales formed an army to get their independence
C
Scotland formed an army to protest Charles I interference in their churches
D
All of the above
Question 90 Explanation: 
Charles I could not form his own army to fight against Scotland's army so he had to get help from Parliament to raise funds.
Question 91
TRUE OR FALSE: Parliament gave Charles I funds for his army?
A
True
B
False
Question 91 Explanation: 
Parliament did not agree with Charles I religious views so they refused to give him funds for his army.
Question 92
TRUE OR FALSE: The Scots were able to invade England?
A
True
B
False
Question 92 Explanation: 
Since Charles was not able to raise his army, the Scots were able to invade England.
Question 93
What was the reason behind the rebellions in Ireland?
A
The Protestants were protesting Charles I since they didn't feel safe in Ireland
B
The Irish lords were protesting England controlling any portion of Ireland
C
They were protesting the Scot invasion in England
D
The Irish feared that the Puritans were becoming too powerful
Question 93 Explanation: 
The Puritans were gaining strength in Ireland and the Irish felt like the English government wasn't doing enough to protect them.
Question 94
TRUE OR FALSE: Parliament wanted to control the English Army?
A
True
B
False
Question 94 Explanation: 
Parliament used the rebellions in Ireland and the Scot invasion of England to demand control of the army.
Question 95
The country was split into what groups during the Civil War?
A
The Cavaliers and The Roundheads
B
The Catholics and the Protestants
C
The Scots and the British
D
None of the Above
Question 95 Explanation: 
During the Civil War, the Cavaliers supported the king while the Roundheads supported Parliament.
Question 96
The English Civil War started in what year?
A
1649
B
1645
C
1646
D
None of the above
Question 96 Explanation: 
The English Civil War started in 1642 between the Cavaliers and Roundheads.
Question 97
TRUE OR FALSE: The Parliament's army was defeated at the Battles of Marston Moor and Naseby?
A
True
B
False
Question 97 Explanation: 
The kinds army was defeated in those battles and they eventually lost the war.
Question 98
In what year was it clear that Parliament had won the war?
A
1646
B
1649
C
1650
D
None of the above
Question 98 Explanation: 
It was known that Parliament had won the war in 1646 although Charles I was not executed until 3 years later, in 1649.
Question 99
What was the republic called during this period?
A
The Republic
B
The Republic of England, Scotland, and Wales
C
The Territories of the Republic
D
Commonwealth
Question 99 Explanation: 
England did declare that it was a republic but it was named the Commonwealth.
Question 100
Which country protested the execution of Charles I?
A
Wales
B
Scotland
C
Ireland
D
None of the above
Question 100 Explanation: 
Only Scotland said that the execution of Charles I was wrong. They declared his son, Charles II, king.
Question 101
In what country did Oliver Cromwell establish the authority of the English Parliament?
A
Wales
B
Scotland
C
Ireland
D
None of the above
Question 101 Explanation: 
Oliver Cromwell was deliberately sent to Ireland to establish the authority of the English Parliament.
Question 102
TRUE OR FALSE: The Scottish army was able to defeat Cromwell and establish Charles II as the king?
A
True
B
False
Question 102 Explanation: 
Although the Scots crowned Charles II as king and led an army into England, they were defeated by Cromwell in the Battles of Dunbar and Worcester.
Question 103
What title was Cromwell given after the defeat of the Scots?
A
Lord Lieutenant
B
Lord Protector
C
Lord General
D
None of the Above
Question 103 Explanation: 
He was given the title of Lord Protector until his death in 1658.
Question 104
Why was Charles II invited back to England to be king?
A
Oliver Cromwell didn't have a successor when he died
B
Richard I died
C
Richard I couldn't rule the army and parliament and the people wanted a king
D
All of the above
Question 104 Explanation: 
Cromwell did have a successor, Richard I, but Richard wasn't able to control the army and parliament. After 2 years the people wanted a king
Question 105
What year was the Habeas Corpus Act passed in England?
A
1660
B
1665
C
1666
D
1679
Question 105 Explanation: 
Charles II was crowned king in 1660. In 1665 there was a major plague outbreak. In 1666 there was a major fire in London.
Question 106
Isaac Newton was a member of what society that was formed under the reign of Charles II?
A
The Royal Scientists
B
The Royal Knights
C
The Masons
D
The Royal Society
Question 106 Explanation: 
Isaac Newton was a member of the Royal Society.
Question 107
What was Isaac Newton's most famous work?
A
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
B
Of Natures Obvious Laws and Processes in Vegetation
C
Writing of Mathematical Principles
D
None of the above
Question 107 Explanation: 
His work, Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy, shows haw gravity applies to the whole world.
Question 108
Who became king after Charles II died in 1685?
A
King James I
B
King James II
C
King Charles III
D
Edward I
Question 108 Explanation: 
Charles II's brother, James, became king.
Question 109
Who was James II's daughter married to?
A
Edward I
B
William of Orange
C
Charles II
D
William the Conqueror
Question 109 Explanation: 
James II's daughter Mary was married to William of Orange.
Question 110
What country did James II flee to after William of Orange invaded England?
A
Norway
B
Germany
C
France
D
None of the above.
Question 110 Explanation: 
James II fled to France after William of Orange invaded England in 1688 and became William III of England.
Question 111
TRUE OR FALSE: The period of William and Mary's joint rule is known as the Glorious Reign?
A
True
B
False
Question 111 Explanation: 
The period is known as the Glorious Revolution, and it is called that because there was no fighting in England and it guaranteed the power of Parliament.
Question 112
In what battle was James II defeated?
A
The Battle of Marston Moor
B
The Battle of Boyne
C
The Battle of Waterloo
D
None of the above
Question 112 Explanation: 
James II wanted to regain the throne and invaded Ireland. William III was able to defeat him at the Battle of Boyne in 1690.
Question 113
What was the name for the people who believed that James II was the rightful king?
A
Calvinists
B
Puritans
C
Jacobites
D
None of the above
Question 113 Explanation: 
Calvinists and Puritans are both terms for religious groups.
Question 114
When was the Declaration of Rights read?
A
When William and Mary were married
B
After William defeated James II at the Battle of Boyne
C
When James II invaded Ireland
D
When William and Mary were coroneted
Question 114 Explanation: 
The Declaration of Rights was read when William and Mary were coroneted.
Question 115
What was the main point in the Declaration of Rights?
A
Parliament had the right to raise taxes
B
It declared that Parliament would always be a separate entity from the king
C
The king had to have a circle of advisors
D
None of the above
Question 115 Explanation: 
The Declaration of Rights stated that the king could not raise taxes or administer justice without the agreement of Parliament.
Question 116
TRUE OR FALSE: The Bill of Rights confirmed the rights of Parliament and the limits of the king's power?
A
True
B
False
Question 116 Explanation: 
The Bill of Rights stated that Parliament had to be elected every 3 years (now it's every five years) and the monarch had to ask Parliament to renew funding for the navy and army every year.
Question 117
What are the groups in the Parliament?
A
The Conservatives and the Whigs
B
The Conservatives and the Tories
C
The Whigs and the Tories
D
The Conservatives and the Liberals
Question 117 Explanation: 
The Two groups in Parliament during that time were known as the Whigs and the Tories. They were the beginning of party politics.
Question 118
The laws being passed were the start of what term?
A
Constitutional Monarchy
B
Parliamentary Reign
C
Constitutional Parliament
D
Parliamentary Monarch
Question 118 Explanation: 
This was the beginning of the "Constitutional Monarchy" whereas the monarchy was still important but they were not able to push their policies on everyone.
Question 119
What refugees came to England during this period?
A
The Jews, Puritans, and Huguenots
B
The Jews, Huguenots, and Protestants
C
The Jews and Protestants
D
The Calvinists and Protestants
Question 119 Explanation: 
The Jews, Huguenots, and Protestants were the three groups to come to England.
Question 120
Which monarch did not have a successor, leading to the Treaty of Union in Scotland?
A
William and Mary
B
Queen Elizabeth I
C
Queen Anne
D
None of the above
Question 120 Explanation: 
Queen Anne didn't have any successors and this created uncertainty over succession in England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. The Treaty of Union in Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Question 121
Who was the first Prime Minister?
A
Sir Robert Doyle
B
Sir Robert Walpole
C
Lord Richard
D
None of the above.
Question 121 Explanation: 
Sire Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister in 1721 because Queen Anne's successor, George I, couldn’t speak English that well and had to rely on his ministers.
Question 122
TRUE OR FALSE: Pocket boroughs were constituencies with hardly any voters?
A
True
B
False
Question 122 Explanation: 
Pocket boroughs were constituencies that were controlled by a single wealthy family. Rotten boroughs were constituencies with hardly any voters.
Question 123
Who did the Scottish clans support to become the new king of England?
A
James III
B
Richard II
C
James III
D
Charles Edward Stuart
Question 123 Explanation: 
Charles Edward Stuart was James II grandson. The Scottish clans tried to put him back in power in 1745.
Question 124
In what battle were the Scottish Highlands Clans defeated?
A
The Battle of Marston Moor
B
The Battle of Culloden
C
The Battle of MacAlpin
D
None of the above
Question 124 Explanation: 
George II's army defeated the Scottish Highland clans in 1746 and Charles escaped back to Europe.
Question 125
What were the 'Highland Clearances'?
A
When the Scottish chieftains became landlords
B
Scottish landlords destroyed individual small farms
C
When the Scottish lands were destroyed to find where Charles Edward Stuart was hiding.
D
None of the above
Question 125 Explanation: 
After the Scottish clans lost power some chieftains became landlords and started destroying individual small farms to make space for large flocks of sheep and cattle. Many people were evicted and moved to North America as a result.
Question 126
The Enlightenment was during what century?
A
The 16th century
B
The 17th century
C
The 18th century
D
The 19th century
Question 126 Explanation: 
The Enlightenment occurred during the 18th century and new ideas about politics, philosophy, and science were developed.
Question 127
TRUE OR FALSE: Many of the great thinkers were English?
A
True
B
False
Question 127 Explanation: 
Many of the great thinkers were Scottish.
Question 128
TRUE OR FALSE: Adam Smith developed ideas about steam power and human nature?
A
True
B
False
Question 128 Explanation: 
Adam Smith developed ideas about economics. David Hume had ideas about human nature, while James Watt developed steam power.
Question 129
TRUE OR FALSE : The Industrial Revolution was the rapid development of industry?
A
True
B
False
Question 129 Explanation: 
Like the name states, the Industrial Revolution signified the development of industry.
Question 130
Which country was the first one to industrialize on a large scale?
A
Scotland
B
Ireland
C
Wales
D
Britain
Question 130 Explanation: 
Britain was the first country to industrialize on a large scale because of the development of machinery and steam power.
Question 131
How did the Industrial Revolution affect agriculture and the manufacturing of goods?
A
It made it easier to find workers
B
It mechanized those two area
C
It did not affect those industries
D
None of the above
Question 131 Explanation: 
Agriculture and manufacturing of good were mechanized which made things more efficient and increased production.
Question 132
What led to the development of the shipbuilding industry and railways?
A
Mechanizing goods
B
The Bessemer process for the mass production of wood
C
The increased amount of workers available
D
None of the above
Question 132 Explanation: 
The Bessemer process for the mass production of steel, not wood, led to those two industries being expanded.
Question 133
TRUE OR FALSE: There were laws to protect employees?
A
True
B
False
Question 133 Explanation: 
Workers were treated poorly. They were no laws that stated what conditions workers were allowed to work in, and children were treated just the same as adults.
Question 134
In what country did the British start colonizing?
A
Australia
B
Canada
C
India
D
All of the above
Question 134 Explanation: 
Britain started to expand its colonization efforts in Australia, Canada, and India. They also expanded in Southern Africa.
Question 135
What items were traded during this period?
A
Sugar, spices, tea, and people
B
People and spices
C
Sugar, spices and tea,
D
none of the above
Question 135 Explanation: 
Britain started to trade all over the world and import goods during this period. Sugar, spice, tea, and people were traded from all different parts of the world.
Question 136
TRUE OR FALSE: Slavery was illegal in England by the 18th century?
A
True
B
False
Question 136 Explanation: 
Slavery was illegal within Britain, however, it was dominated overseas by the British and the American colonies.
Question 137
Where did slaves come from?
A
West Africa
B
The Caribbean
C
The Americas
D
None of the above
Question 137 Explanation: 
Slaves primarily came from West Africa and were transported to the Americas and the Caribbean to work.
Question 138
Which group set up anti-slavery groups in the 1700's?
A
The Puritans
B
The Protestants
C
The Quakers
D
None of the above
Question 138 Explanation: 
The Quakers were against slavery and set up anti-slavery groups in Britain.
Question 139
When did it become illegal to trade slaves in British ships?
A
1798
B
1807
C
1825
D
1833
Question 139 Explanation: 
1807 was the year that it became illegal to trade slaves. In 1833 the Emancipation Act was established that fully abolished slavery.
Question 140
What did the American colonies see as an attack on their freedom?
A
The religious persecution by the British government
B
The abolishment of slavery by the Emancipation Act
C
Britain wanting to tax the colonies
D
None of the above
Question 140 Explanation: 
Britain started to tax the colonies but they saw that as an attack. They believe in 'no taxation without representation' in the British Parliament.
Question 141
TRUE OR FALSE: The American War of Independence lasted 7 years?
A
True
B
False
Question 141 Explanation: 
The war started in 1776 when fighting broke out between British forces and the colonists and 13 colonies declared independence. The war ended in 1783 when Britain was defeated and recognized the colonies' independence.
Question 142
When did France declare war on England?
A
1783
B
1785
C
1789
D
1805
Question 142 Explanation: 
France declared war in 1789 when there was a revolution in France. Napoleon, the Emperor of France, continued the war.
Question 143
TRUE OR FALSE: The French Wars ended in 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar?
A
True
B
False
Question 143 Explanation: 
The French Wars ended in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo.
Question 144
What Act united Ireland with England, Scotland, and Wales?
A
The Act of Union
B
The Reform Act of 1832
C
The Habeas Corpus Act
D
None of the above
Question 144 Explanation: 
Ireland became apart of the union in 1801 after the Act of Union in 1800. It formed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Question 145
Which country is not represented in the Union Flag?
A
England
B
Scotland
C
Ireland
D
Wales
Question 145 Explanation: 
When the first Union Flag was created in 1606, the Principalities of Wales was already united with England so it is not represented on the Union Flag.
Question 146
TRUE OR FALSE: Wales has its own separate flag?
A
True
B
False
Question 146 Explanation: 
There is an official Welsh flag that depicts the Welsh dragon as its symbol.
Question 147
TRUE OR FALSE: Another name for the Union Flag is the Union Jack?
A
True
B
False
Question 147 Explanation: 
The Union Flag is also called the Union Jack and depicts the unity of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Question 148
What cross makes up the Union Flag?
A
The cross of St George, the patron saint of England
B
The cross of St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland
C
The cross of St Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland
D
All of the above
Question 148 Explanation: 
The Cross of St George is a red cross on a white background. The cross of St Andrew, is a diagonal white cross on a blue background. The cross of St Patrick is a diagonal red cross on a white background. All three crosses are depicted on the Union Flag.
Question 149
How old was Queen Victoria when she became queen in 1837?
A
16
B
18
C
21
D
25
Question 149 Explanation: 
Queen Victoria was 18 years old when she became Queen of England. She reigned almost 64 years.
Question 150
TRUE OR FALSE: Queen Victoria's rule was a period when England decreased their power and influence abroad?
A
True
B
False
Question 150 Explanation: 
England increased its power and influence abroad.
Question 151
TRUE OR FALSE: The British Empire became the largest empire the world had ever seen?
A
True
B
False
Question 151 Explanation: 
The British Empire grew to cover all of India, Australia, and large parts of Africa.
Question 152
How many people moved overseas from 1853 to 1901?
A
2 million people
B
5 million people
C
10 million people
D
13 million people
Question 152 Explanation: 
People were encouraged to move overseas during this period and 13 million people took that advice.
Question 153
What systems did the government start to use during this period?
A
Free trading systems
B
Taxed trading systems
C
Free trading systems with the colonies, but taxed systems for everywhere else
D
None of the above
Question 153 Explanation: 
The government began to use free trading systems and abolished a number of taxes on imported goods.
Question 154
In 1847, the number of hours women and children could work was r
A
5 hours
B
8 hours
C
10 hours
D
12 hours
Question 154 Explanation: 
Women and children were limited to 10 hours of work by law.
Question 155
The UK produced more than half of the world's supply of what good?
A
Coal
B
Iron
C
Cotton cloth
D
All of the above
Question 155 Explanation: 
The UK produced more than half the world's supply of coal, iron, and cotton cloth, and the improved transportation made it easier to move goods and people around the nation.
Question 156
What country was England fighting against during the Crimean War?
A
Turkey
B
France
C
Russia
D
All of the above
Question 156 Explanation: 
England fought with Turkey and France against Russia.
Question 157
What significant thing happened for the first time in history during the Crimean War?
A
It was the first time that England aligned with two countries
B
It was the first war against Russia
C
It was the first war to be covered extensively by the media
D
All of the above
Question 157 Explanation: 
The Crimean War was the first war to be covered in media through news stories and photographs.
Question 158
What medal was introduced during this war?
A
The Victorian Cross
B
The Medal of Valor
C
The Medal of Honour
D
None of the above
Question 158 Explanation: 
The Victorian Cross honours acts of valor and was introduced by Queen Victoria during this war.
Question 159
What crop did the Irish depend on during this period?
A
Rice
B
Cabbage
C
Potatoes
D
Yams
Question 159 Explanation: 
The Irish depended on their potato crops which made the potato famine devastating to the population.
Question 160
What happened as a result of the potato famine in Ireland?
A
People died due to disease and starvation
B
Many people left Ireland for America or England
C
Ireland split from the rest of the UK
Question 160 Explanation: 
A million people died due to disease and starvation and many of the remaining people had to leave Ireland.
Question 161
TRUE OR FALSE: Irish Nationalism grew in the 19th century.
A
True
B
False
Question 161 Explanation: 
The Irish Nationalist Movement grew during the 19th century. Some people advocated for complete independence while others advocated for 'Home Rule'.
Question 162
What Act allowed more people to have the right to vote?
A
The Reform Act of 1832
B
The Reform Act of 1867
C
The Reform Act of 1870
D
The Reform Act of 1882
Question 162 Explanation: 
The Reform Act of 1832 was the one that increased the amount of people allowed to vote.
Question 163
TRUE OR FALSE: The middle class started to demand more power during this period?
A
True
B
False
Question 163 Explanation: 
The middle class wanted more political power as more people started to become the middle class
Question 164
TRUE OR FALSE: The Acts of Parliament in 1870 and 1882 created more urban seats in Parliament?
A
True
B
False
Question 164 Explanation: 
The 1867 Reform Act created more urban seats in parliament. The 1870 and 1882 Acts allowed women to keep her earnings and property when she was married.
Question 165
In what two years were women given more freedom to vote?
A
1902 and 1918
B
1902 and 1928
C
1918 and 1928
D
None of the above
Question 165 Explanation: 
Women over 30 were given the right to vote in 1918 and in 1928 the age was reduced to 21.
Question 166
TRUE OR FALSE: Women were give the right to vote in 1918 to recognize their efforts during the First World War.
A
True
B
False
Question 166 Explanation: 
True. Women over 30 were also given the right to stand for Parliament at that time.
Question 167
Who did the Brits go to war with in South Africa?
A
Settlers from France
B
Settlers from Normandy
C
Settlers from the Netherlands
D
Native Africans
Question 167 Explanation: 
The Brits went to war with settlers from the Netherlands in the Boer War from 1899 to 1902.
Question 168
TRUE OR FALSE: All of the countries in the Empire received their independences in the 20th century.
A
True
B
False
Question 168 Explanation: 
Some of the countries were granted their independence as the Empire transitioned into a Commonwealth.
Question 169
What sparked the First World War?
A
the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria on June 28, 1914
B
The growing sense of nationalism
C
The division of Europe's power into two camps
D
Militarism and imperialism
E
All of the above
Question 169 Explanation: 
While the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was the catalyst, the condition for the war were set because of the growing sense of nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the division of Europe's power into two camps
Question 170
TRUE OR FALSE: The Allied Forces were made up of Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire?
A
True
B
False
Question 170 Explanation: 
The Allied Forces were made up of Britain, France, Russia, Japan, Belgium, Greece, Italy, Romania, and the United States. Those three countries were known as the Central Powers.
Question 171
When did the First World War end?
A
November 1, 1918
B
November 5, 1918
C
November 10, 1918
D
None of the above
Question 171 Explanation: 
The First World War ended on November 11, 1918. It can be remembered by the saying: 'Remember, remember, the 11th of November'.
Question 172
What did the British promise Ireland in 1913?
A
They could have their independence
B
They could have 'Home Rule'
C
They could have their own elected officials to the British Parliament
D
All of the above
Question 172 Explanation: 
The British promised 'Home Rule' to the Irish which meant they would have their own Parliament and be self governing but still be part of the UK.
Question 173
TRUE OR FALSE: The British fulfilled their promise to the Irish for 'Home Rule'?
A
True
B
False
Question 173 Explanation: 
During WWI England postponed Ireland's 'Home Rule' which upset the Irish Nationalists.
Question 174
In what year was their an Irish uprising to protest the postponement of the 'Home Rule'?
A
1916
B
1921
C
1922
D
1925
Question 174 Explanation: 
The uprising happened in 1916 however, all of the leaders were executed.
Question 175
TRUE OR FALSE: The peace treaty was signed in 1921 to stop the guerrilla war against the British army and police?
A
True
B
False
Question 175 Explanation: 
The peace treaty was signed in 1921 and in 1922 Ireland became two countries (Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State)
Question 176
What is the term for the period starting in 1929?
A
The Inter-War Period
B
The Years of Peace
C
The Great Depression
D
None of the above
Question 176 Explanation: 
In 1929 the world entered the Great Depression.
Question 177
What industry was negatively affected by the Great Depression?
A
Shipbuilding
B
Automobiles
C
Aviation
D
All of the above
Question 177 Explanation: 
Traditional heavy industries were negatively affected but new industries, like automobiles and aviation did well.
Question 178
TRUE OR FALSE: Prices of goods influenced how much money people had to spend
A
True
B
False
Question 178 Explanation: 
As the prices fell, people with work had more money to spend since it didn't cost them as much for goods.
Question 179
TRUE OR FALSE: Britain was part of the Axis Powers?
A
True
B
False
Question 179 Explanation: 
The Axis Powers were comprised of Germany, Italy, and Japan
Question 180
Which Prime Minister, appointed in 1940, refused to surrender to Hitler?
A
Winston Churchill
B
Neville Chamberlain
C
Clement Attlee
D
None of the above
Question 180 Explanation: 
Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister during WWII and refused to surrender to Hitler.
Question 181
TRUE OR FALSE: Britain had help from the Allies for the entire period of the war.
A
True
B
False
Question 181 Explanation: 
During the period from the end of 1940 until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, Britain stood almost alone against Germany
Question 182
Which air battle did the British win against Germany in the Summer of 1940?
A
The Battle of London
B
The Battle of Germany
C
The Battle of Britain
D
The Battle of Berlin
Question 182 Explanation: 
The British won the Battle of Britain against the Germans. It was a crucial battle although it did not stop the Germans from bombing England at night.
Question 183
TRUE OR FALSE: The war with Germany ended in August 1945?
A
True
B
False
Question 183 Explanation: 
The war against Japan ended in August 1945 with the American bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war against Germany ended in May 1945.
Question 184
What date is D-Day?
A
May 4, 1944
B
May 10, 1945
C
June 6, 1944
D
June 6, 1945
Question 184 Explanation: 
D-Day happened on June 6, 1944 when the Allied forces landed on the beach of Normandy.
Question 185
People looked for what after the war?
A
Social reform
B
Political reform
C
Religious reform
D
All of the above
Question 185 Explanation: 
People were looking for widespread social reform after the war.
Question 186
What party did the people elect in 1945?
A
The Conservative Party
B
The Labour Party
C
The Whigs
D
The Tories
Question 186 Explanation: 
The Labour Party was elected in 1945 and with it came the National Health Service (NHS)
Question 187
TRUE OR FALSE: After the war, all former colonies were still ruled by the British government?
A
True
B
False
Question 187 Explanation: 
Former colonies were starting to become self-governing.
Question 188
TRUE OR FALSE: Britain joined the NATO?
A
True
B
False
Question 188 Explanation: 
Britain developed its own atomic bomb and joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) against the Soviet Union.
Question 189
Britain had a conservative party for how many years?
A
10 years
B
13 years
C
15 years
D
19 years
Question 189 Explanation: 
The conservative party was in power from 1951 to 1964 for a total of 13 years.
Question 190
Who was the Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951?
A
Winston Churchill
B
Neville Chamberlain
C
Clement Attlee
D
None of the above
Question 190 Explanation: 
Clement Attlee was Prime Minister during that period. He promised the introduction of the welfare state outlined in the Beveridge Report.
Question 191
What report is William Beveridge best known for?
A
Social Insurance and Allied Services
B
The Welfare State and Allied Services
C
Social Reform and Allied Services
D
None of the above
Question 191 Explanation: 
Social Insurance and Allied Services was written in 1942 and it outlines a welfare state.
Question 192
Who oversaw the Education Act of 1944?
A
Neville Chamberlin
B
Dylan Thomas
C
William Beveridge
D
R A Butler
Question 192 Explanation: 
Neville Chamberlain was a Prime Minister, Dylan Thomas was a poet and writer, and William Beveridge wrote a report on the welfare state. Only, R A Butler oversaw the Education Act of 1944.
Question 193
TRUE OR FALSE: Britain's infrastructure was not damaged during the war?
A
True
B
False
Question 193 Explanation: 
Britain had to be rebuilt after the war because of the devastation of the bombings and the labour shortages.
Question 194
TRUE OR FALSE: Immigration was encouraged in the UK in the 1950's?
A
True
B
False
Question 194 Explanation: 
Because of the shortage of labour the UK encouraged emigration.
Question 195
What is a term used to describe the sixties?
A
The Nifties Sixties
B
Roaring sixties
C
Swinging sixties
D
None of the above
Question 195 Explanation: 
The sixties were also known as the swinging sixties.
Question 196
Which countries developed the world's only supersonic commercial airline?
A
Britain and Germany
B
Britain and France
C
Britain and Scotland
D
Britain and Denmark
Question 196 Explanation: 
France and Britain were the countries to develop that airline. It was called the Concorde.
Question 197
TRUE OR FALSE: Social laws were liberalized in the sixties?
A
True
B
False
Question 197 Explanation: 
Social laws were liberalized, for example in relation to divorce and abortion.
Question 198
TRUE OR FALSE: During the sixties, there was no growth in fashion?
A
True
B
False
Question 198 Explanation: 
There was growth in cinema, fashion, and music during the sixties. For example the Beatles and The Rolling Stones were new popular bands.
Question 199
TRUE OR FALSE: The postwar economy continued to grow in the 1970's
A
True
B
False
Question 199 Explanation: 
The post-war economic boom came to an end during the 70's.
Question 200
What did not occur during the 1970's?
A
Prices of goods and materials went up
B
Strikes occurred between the trade unions and the government
C
England started to use the Euro as its currency
D
None of the above
Question 200 Explanation: 
England joined the European Union but it does not use the Euro as its currency.
Question 201
TRUE OR FALSE: Northern Ireland's Parliament was suspended during the 1970's?
A
True
B
False
Question 201 Explanation: 
Northern Ireland's Parliament was suspended in 1972 and Northern Ireland was directly ruled by the UK.
Question 202
Who was the first female Prime Minister?
A
Mary Peters
B
Emmeline Pankhurst
C
Margaret Peters
D
Margaret Thatcher
Question 202 Explanation: 
Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister and she made structural changes to the government.
Question 203
What change did Margaret Thatcher make to the government?
A
Privatized national industries
B
Imposed legal controls on trade unions
C
She increased traditional industries like shipbuilding and coal mining
D
Question 203 Explanation: 
Shipbuilding and coal mining declined during this period.
Question 204
Who was the Prime Minister in 1997?
A
Margaret Thatcher
B
Tony Blair
C
Roald Dahl
D
None of the above
Question 204 Explanation: 
Tony Blair was elected Prime Minister in 1997.
Question 205
Who took over as Prime Minister in 2007?
A
Gordon Brown
B
David Cameron
C
Roald Dahl
D
None of the above
Question 205 Explanation: 
Gordon Brown was Prime Minister in 2007 until 2010.
Question 206
What was the agreement that helped build a peace process with Northern Ireland?
A
The Good Monday Agreement
B
The Irish Agreement
C
The Britain-Irish Agreement
D
The Good Friday Agreement
Question 206 Explanation: 
The Good Friday Agreement was signed in 1998.
Question 207
TRUE OR FALSE: Blair's government introduced a Scottish Parliament and a Welsh Assembly?
A
True
B
False
Question 207 Explanation: 
The Blair's government gave the Scottish Parliament substantial powers to legislate but the Welsh Assembly was given fewer legislative powers but considerable control over public services.
Question 208
TRUE OR FALSE: Britain still has troops in Iraq?
A
True
B
False
Question 208 Explanation: 
Britain left Iraq in 2009 but they are still in Afghanistan.
Question 209
When did British Armed Forces get involved in a global fight against terrorism?
A
2000
B
2001
C
2003
D
2005
Question 209 Explanation: 
Since 2000, Britain has been involved in this global flight against terrorism.
Question 210
TRUE OR FALSE: In May 2010, a political party won an overall majority in the Parliament?
A
True
B
False
Question 210 Explanation: 
In May 2010 it was the first time since 1974 where no political party won an overall majority.
Question 211
TRUE OR FALSE: The leader of the Liberal Democrat part became Prime Minister?
A
True
B
False
Question 211 Explanation: 
After the Conservative and Liberal Democrat parties formed a coalition, the leader of the Conservative Party, David Cameron, became Prime Minister.
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